Showing posts with label COMPUTER TERMS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label COMPUTER TERMS. Show all posts

Sunday, 17 August 2014


1. What is required when more than one person uses a central computer at the same time?
a) Light pen
b) Mouse
c) Digitizer
d) Terminal
e) None of the above

2. One nibble is equal to ___
a) 4 bits
b) 8 bits
c) 16 bits
d) 32bits
e) None of the above

3. Which of the following terms is the most closely related to main memory?
a) Non-volatile
b) Permanent
c) Control unit
d) Temporary
e) None of the above

4. A picture, map or graphics or image that can be used in a document is known as ___
a) Hypertext
b) Clipboard
c) Object
d) Drag drop
e) None of these

5. The amount of vertical space between lines of text in a document is called:
a) Double spacing
b) Line spacing
c) Single space
d) Vertical spacing
e) None of these

6. Which of the following is a smallest dot that can be uniquely drawn on a computer screen?
a) Bexel
b) Computer dot
c) Cursor
d) Pixel
e) None of these

7. _____means to enlarge a window to its maximum area so that it will fill entire desktop.
a) Maximise
b) Zoom
c) Enlarge
d) Extend
e) None of these

8. The computer's capability of distinguishing spoken words is called ___
a) voice analysis
b) speech acknowledgement
c) voice recognition
d) speech interpretation
e) none of these

9. Which of the following is the process of getting access to the computer?
a) Sign up
b) Log in
c) Log off
d) Enter
e) None of these

10.Aseries of instructions that tells a computer what to do and how to do it, is called a ____
a) program
b) command
c) user response
d) processor
e) None of these

11. The full step wise process of closing a computer is called _____
a) Hibernating
b) Closing
c) Log off
d) Shut down
e) None of these

12. Which key combination is used for special tasks?
a) Insert, Delete
b) Ctrl, Shift
c) Left Arrow, Right Arrow
d) Page up, Page Down
e) None of These

13. ____ allows wireless mobile devices to access the Internet and its services such as the Web and e-mail.
a) TCP/ IP
b) Ethernet
c) WAP
d) Token ring
e) Internet

14. The _____ enables you to simultaneously keep multiple Web pages open in one browser window.
a) Tab box
b) Pop-up helper
c) Tab row
d) Address bar
e) None of these

15. The most important or powerful computer in a typical network is ____
a) Desktop
b) Network client
c) Network server
d) Network station
e) None of these

16. The primary purpose of software is to turn data into ____
a) Websites
b) Information
c) Programs
d) Objects
e) None of these

17. Grouping and processing all of a firm's transactions at one time is called ___
a) a database management system
b) a real-time system
c) an on-line system
d) batch processing
e) None of these

18. Which of the following is a standard way for a Web server to pass a Web user's request to an application program and to receive data back to forward to the user?
a) Interrupt request
b) Forward DNS lookup
c) Data-Link layer
d) Common gateway interface
e) None of these

19. What is the shortcut key to “Undo” the last action in a document?
a) Ctrl + X
b) Ctrl + Y
c) Ctrl + U
d) Ctrl + N
e) Ctrl + Z

20. The errors that can be pointed out by the compiler:
a) Syntax errors
b) Semantic errors
c) Logic errors
d) System errors
e) All of the above

21. Pick out the wrong definition.
a) COBOL : A language used for business data processing
b) CPU: Is the brain of computer
c) LAN: Is used in local areas
d) FORTRAN: Is used for logical processing
e) None of these

22. Modulator is a device that converts:
a) Digital signal into Ana log signal
b) Ana log signal into digital signal
c) Both A and B
d) Sometimes only A and B
e) None of the above

23. What is the capacity of a 3.5” Floppy Disk?
a) 360 KB
b) 720 KB
c) 1.2 MB
d) 1.44 MB
e) 1.8 MB

24. Which command of MS-DOS is used to copy only files that have been modified on or after the date you specify?
a) XCOPY/D : date
b) COPY/D : date
e) None of the above

25. If the processor of a computer does not have a direct and unassisted access to data items, these items are said to be ___
a) Offline
b) Remote
c) Disconnected
d) Detached
e) None of the above

26. The input and output devices are located away from the central computer facility in which particular type of processing?
a) Time sharing
b) Batch processing
c) Interactive mode
d) Real time processing
e) None of the above

27. What is the minimum number of operations required, for a microprocessor with 8 data  pins, to read a 32-bit word?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 4
d) 8
e) 16

28. Which of the following is a special purpose language used to describe to a computer's operating system?
b) APL
c) ICU
e) ICL

29. The part of machine level instruction, which tells the central processor what has to be done, is ___
a) Operation code
b) Address
c) Locator
d) Flip-Flop
e) None of the above

30. A system program that sets up an executable program in main memory ready for execution:
a) Assembler
b) Linker
c) Loader
d) Compiler
e) None of the above

31. Which of the following are loaded into main memory when the computer is booted?
a) External command instructions
b) Internal command instructions
c) Utility programs
d) Word processing instructions
e) None of the above

32. In which addressing mode the contents of a register specified in the instruction are first decremented and then these contents are used as the effective address of the operands?
a) Index addressing
b) Indirect addressing
c) Auto increment
d) Auto decrement
e) None of the above

33. From what location are the 1st computer instructions available on boot up?
b) CPU
c) boot.ini
e) None of the above

34. You were installing an application in Windows 95, and the computer crashes, what do you do?
a) Press alt + Ctrl + delete, twice
b) Press alt + Ctrl + delete and end task
c) Press the reset button on the computer
d) Turn off computer and boot from a floppy disk
e) None of the above

35. Each of data files has a _____ that describe the way the data is stored in the file.
a) File structure
b) Records
c) Fields
d) Database
e) None of the above

36. In a ___ a parent record type can be linked to one or more "child" record types, but a child record type can have only one parent.
a) Network database
b) Relational database
c) Distributed database
d) Hierarchical database
e) None of the above

37. In the accompanying figure, the _____ is a special toolbar that displays a series of names, each of which represents a list of commands that can be used to perform tasks.
a) Scroll bar
b) Status bar
c) Title bar
d) Menu bar
e) None of these

38. When the Language bar is _____, it means that you do not see it on the screen but it will be displayed the next time you start your computer.
a) Restored
b) Hidden
c) Minimized
d) Closed
e) All of the above

39. What is the name of the memory card which is conceptually related to the smart card but is similar to the video disk?
a) Laser card
b) Master card
c) Visa
d) Optical card
e) None of the above

40. Which of the following is not an alternative name for primary memory?
a) Main memory
b) Primary storage
c) Internal storage
d) Mass storage
e) None of the above

1) d; 2) a; 3) d; 4) c; 5) b; 6) d; 7) a; 8) c; 9) b; 10) a;
11) d; 12) b; 13) c; 14) c; 15) c; 16) b; 17) d; 18) d; 19) e; 20) a;
21) d; 22) c; 23) d; 24) a; 25) a; 26) b; 27) c; 28) e; 29) a; 30) c;
31) b; 32) d; 33) a; 34) d; 35) a; 36) d; 37) d; 38) b; 39) a; 40) d;

Friday, 25 May 2012

Computer Terms

Application Files- Program files environment where you can create and edit the kind of document that application makes

Bug- a fault in a computer program which prevents it from working correctly

Central Processor Unit (CPU) - This is where the entire computer's data processing is handled - all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output.

Click- To select an object by pressing the mouse button when the cursor is pointing to the required menu option, icon or hypertext link

Close - To close a window that has been opened for viewing and / or editing

Computer- A general-purpose machine that processes data according to a set of instructions that are stored internally either temporarily or permanently

Cookie- A packet of information that travels between a browser and the web server

CPU- An acronym for Central Processing Unit and is often used to refer to a computer system, such as "That beige box sitting next to my 24" flat screen monitor is my new CPU

Crash- Your computer or application no longer works correctly and so you "loose" all the work you've done since the last time you saved

Creating A File- Storing data as a file with an assigned file name that is unique within the directory it resides in

Delete- To remove an item of data from a file or to remove a file from the disk

Desktop- An on-screen representation of a desktop such as used in the Macintosh and Windows operating systems

Dialog Boxes- Takes over your screen and allows you to ‘dialog' with the computer

Directory (AKA Folder, sub-directory)- Allows you to organize files and other folders

Disk Space- This is the place where your files live. The greater the disk space the more files you can keep. More disk space is always better than less. You can never have much disk space.

Document Files- Files we care about (memos, letters, pictures, etc.

Documents- Files you create and edit

Double Click- To press the mouse button twice in rapid succession without moving the mouse between clicks

Drag- To move an object on screen in which its complete movement is visible from starting location to destination

Edit- To make a change to existing data

File Cabinet- Metaphorically, the hard drive (and other kinds of storage media like floppy disks) which store files and folders

Folder Icons- Collections of documents and other folders

Google­- search engine on the web

Hotmail- free email service, now part of MSN

Icon View- Allows you to see icons of folders and files primarily as icons with little information

Icons- In a graphical user interface (GUI), a small, pictorial, on screen representation of an object, such as a document, program, folder or disk drive.

Keyboard- This if the primary text input device. It also contains certain standard function keys, such as the Escape key, tab, and arrow keys, shift and control keys, and sometimes other manufacturer-customized keys.

Macintosh- Macintosh, Mac - a personal computer from Apple Computer

Mouse- Pointing device that allows you to tell the computer what to do

Mozilla- a web browser and successor to Netscape Communicator

Operating System (OS) - System software that allows your computer to work

Pentium- Microprocessor from Intel

Random Access Memory (RAM) - This stands for Random Access Memory. You can think of this as the "space" where you computer does its processing. The more space you have the more processes you can run at the same time. More RAM is always better than less. You can never have much RAM.

Recycle Bin- Place where you put files and folders that you may later want to delete or get rid of. Compare Trash

Resize Box- Allows you to change the size and shape of a window

Right click- To press the right button on the mouse. (This is Windows specific. On a Mac running System 8 or higher, you hold down the Control key and then click to get the same effect.)

Save As­­- Give the file a name and/or store the file in a certain place

Save- Tell the computer to create a file on disk that has the information you've put into the document (usually typing)

Scroll bar- Allows you to move around through your document

Shut down- To quit all applications and turn off the computer

Software- Instructions that tell the computer what to do

Spam- unwanted repetitious messages, such as unsolicited bulk e-mail

System files- Allows our computer to work

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Trash- Place where you put files and folders that you want to delete or get rid of

Trojan Horse- a malicious program that is disguised as legitimate software. The term is derived from the classical myth of the Trojan Horse. Analogously, a Trojan horse appears innocuous (or even to be a gift), but in fact is a vehicle for bypassing security

Unix- an operating system

Virus- a piece of program code that spreads by making copies of itself

Volume Icons- Devices that hold files and folders

Wiki or WikiWiki- a hypertext document collection or the collaborative software used to create it